The most likely reason for the differences in the start of the fast from one country to another is the natural difference in sighting the new moon. *Such differences are natural, scientific & well known and it makes sense that there are such differences*.Based on this, *it is not possible to expect all the Muslims to start fasting at the same time, because this would mean that some of them were starting to fast before the new moon had been sighted and even before it had appeared*.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  *This is impossible from an astronomical point of view*, because the sighting of the new moon, as Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said, differs, according to the scientists who are well-versed in this field. Because it differs, then each country should have its own ruling, according to the reports and according to science.The evidence from reports is the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
*“So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month”[2:185]*
If it so happens that people in a remote region of the world do not see the new moon whereas the people of Makkah do see it, then how can the words of this verse apply to those who have not seen the new moon? *The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it.” (Agreed upon).*
So if the people of *Makkah*, for example, see it, then how can we expect the people of *Pakistan* and countries further east to start fasting, when we know that that the new moon has not yet appeared in their region, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) connected the start of fasting to the sighting of the moon?. *We know that dawn appears in eastern regions of the earth before it appears in western regions, so if dawn has appeared in eastern regions, do we have to stop eating even though it is still night where we are? The answer is no. If the sun has set in eastern regions but it is still day where we are, is it permissible for us to break our fast? The answer is no. And the new moon is exactly like the sun, except that the timing of the new moon is monthly and the timing of the sun is daily*
“and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall”.[2:187] is also the One Who said “So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month”.[2:185]
✅So the evidence of both the shariah texts & science indicates that we should establish a separate ruling for each place when it comes to starting and ending the fast, and this should be connected to the physical sign which Allaah has described in His Book and which His Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) established in his Sunnah, namely the sighting of the moon and the sighting of the sun or dawn.End quote from Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam, p. 451.And he said, explaining this analogy and supporting the argument of those who say that there should be different moon sightings:

_They say that the monthly timings should be like the daily sightings.Just as different countries vary in the start and end of the fast each day, so too they must differ in the start and end of the month-long fast.The difference in daily timings is well known according to Muslim consensus; those who are in the east start fasting before those who are in the west, and they also break the fast first._
*If we accept the differences in sighting with regard to daily timings, then we should also accept it with regard to the month*.
No one can say that the verse “and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall”and the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) “When the night has come from here and the day has departed from here and the sun has set, then the faster may break his fast” are general in meaning and apply to all the Muslims in every region.The same applies to the verse “So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month” and the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) “When you see it fast and when you see it stop fasting.”
As you see, this opinion is very strong, and the analogy is sound, the analogy between the monthly timing and the daily timing.End quote from Fataawa Ramadaan, compiled by Ashraf ‘Abd al-Maqsood, p. 104.
The Council of Senior Scholars issued an important statement on this topic, the text of which is as follows:
1⃣The difference in moon sighting is something which is well known, and there is no difference among the scholars concerning this. Rather the difference of scholarly opinion has to do with whether the difference in moon sighting matters or not.
2⃣The issue of whether the difference in moon sighting matters or not is a theoretical matter in which there is room for ijtihaad. Even people of great knowledge and piety differed concerning this matter. This is a type of difference which is acceptable, where the one who makes ijtihaad and gets it right will have two rewards, one for his ijtihaad and the other for getting it right, and the one who gets it wrong will be rewarded for his ijtihaad.The scholars differed concerning this matter and there are two points of view. One is that the difference in moon sighting matters and the other is that it does not matter.Each group quotes evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and sometimes they quote the same text, such as when they both quote the verse (interpretation of the meaning): “They ask you (O Muhammad) about the new moons. Say: These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage” [2:189] and the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it.” That is because of different understandings of the texts, and different ways in which each group derives evidence from them.Based on the considerations that the Council has seen and examined, and based on the fact that the difference of opinion on this matter does not have any effect that may lead to undesirable consequences, since this religion appeared fourteen centuries ago and we do not know of any period during which the ummah was united in moon sighting, the members of the Council of Senior Scholars think that matters should be left as they are and that this subject should not be stirred up. Each Islamic state should have the right to choose whichever opinion it wishes, based on the suggestions of its own scholars, because each view has its evidence and proofs.
3⃣ *The Council has studied the issue of proving the new moon by means of calculation, and what has been narrated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and they have studied the comments of the scholars on this matter. They have decided unanimously that astronomical calculations carry no weight in determining the new moon with regard to Islamic matters, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it.” And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not fast until you see it, and do not stop fasting until you see it.” And because of other evidence to that effect*.End quote, from Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/102.
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What is called the “day of doubt” ?. *It is the last day of Sha’baan or the first day of Ramadaan? Fasting on this day is haraam* because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, *“Fast when you see the new moon and break your fast when you see the new moon, and if you are not sure, then complete the number of Sha’baan as thirty days.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1909).*
‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir said: *“Whoever fasts on the day concerning which there is doubt has disobeyed Abu’l-Qaasim* (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” Tirmidhi, classed as saheeh by al-Albaani inSaheeh al-Tirmidhi, 553.

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “It was understood from this that it is haraam to fast the day of doubt, because the Sahaabah would not say such a thing based on personal opinion, so a report such as this has the same status as a marfoo’ hadeeth.
The scholars of the Standing Committee said concerning the day of doubt, *“The Sunnah indicates that it is haraam to fast this day.”* (Fataawa al-Lajnah, 10/117)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, after mentioning the difference of opinion concerning the ruling on fasting the day of doubt: “The most correct of these views is that it is haraam, but if it is proven to the ruler that it is obligatory to fast this day and he commands the people to fast, then no one should go against his opinion, and that means that no one should show that he is not fasting on that day, rather a person (who has a different opinion) may not fast, but he should do so secretly.” Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/318.
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        DON’T BE FOOLED.


In the early 1570s, France’s King Charles IX adopted the Gregorian dating system and sent out orders around his kingdom to change the New Year’s Day from April 1 to January 1. The more obstinate crowd, refused to accept the new calendar and continued to celebrate the New Year on April 1.These folks were labelled as ‘fools’ by the general populace. It is common knowledge in Europe that this change in the dating system, says Wilson, “is where we get April Fool’s Day”. The claim that this tradition originates from the event of Christians victory over Muslims in Andalusian Spain is false & a myth. The myth proposes that Europeans made fool of Muslims by introducing Liquor & Tobacco to them and thus gradually weaken them through its indulgence.

Being truthful means speaking the truth and also saying things that reflect reality. It is one of the necessities of a human society, one of the virtues of human behavior, and brings great benefits, whilst lying is one of the major elements of corruption in human society, and the cause of the destruction of social structure and ties, one of the most evil features of bad conduct, and causes widespread harm. Hence Islam commands truthfulness & forbids lying.

“O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in word and deeds).” [9:119]

Ibn Katheer (rh) said: “It means: be truthful and adhere to truthfulness, and you will be among its people and will be saved from calamity, and this will make a way out for you from your problems.”

“… if they had been true to Allaah, it would have been better for them.” [47:21]

The Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: ‘Woe to the one who lies to make people laugh, woe to him , woe to him. In al-Saheehayn (al-Bukhari & Muslim) ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood (radiallahuanihu) : The Messenger of Allah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “I urge you to be truthful, for truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man will continue to be truthful and seek to speak the truth until he is recorded with Allah as speaker of truth (siddeeq). And beware of lying, for lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to Hell; a man will continue to tell lies until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.” And it was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood also said: Lying is not appropriate whether in earnest or in jest.Hence immorality and righteousness are diametrically opposed.

Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (rh) said: “I memorized from the Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam): ‘Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt, for truthfulness is certainty and tranquility, whilst lying is doubt and confusion.” (al-Tirmidhi)

In the lengthy hadeeth of Abu Sufyaan describing his meeting with Heraclius, Abu Sufyaan (radiallahuanihu) said: “[Heraclius] said, ‘What does he [meaning the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam] command you to do?’ I said, ‘He says: worship Allaah alone and do not associate anything in worship with Him, and abandon that which your forefathers did. He commands us to pray, to be truthful, to be chaste and to uphold the ties of kinship.’” (Bukhaari).

Truthfulness includes being truthful towards Allaah by worshipping Him sincerely; being truthful towards one’s own soul by making it adhere to the laws of Allaah; and being truthful with people in one’s words and by keeping one’s promises, and in dealings such as buying, selling and marriage, so there should be no deceiving, cheating, falsifying or withholding of information. Thus a person should be the same on the inside and the outside. Being truthful in promises and covenants is one of the characteristics by which the believers are known. Both promises and covenants involve saying something about an issue to confirm that you will do it, especially with regard to one’s duties towards Allaah. Allaah says, praising some of His slaves :

“… and who fulfil their covenant when they make it…” [2:177], [23:8] [33:23]

As regards lying, it is highly forbidden. The most obnoxious form of lying is falsely attributing things to Allaah and His Messenger, because this involves fabrication about the religion and is an act of outrage against Allaah. Hence one of the characteristics of the Prophet is that he truthfully conveyed that which Allaah commanded him to convey. So Allaah said :

“… who does more wrong than one who invents a lie against Allaah, to lead mankind astray without knowledge. Certainly Allaah guides not the people who are zaalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)” [6:144],[11:18]. Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) also said : “Whoever lies about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.”  (Agreed upon). Scholars are of the view that the one who deliberately tells lies about the Prophet (saw) is a kaafir. https://islamqa.info/en/34725.

In Islam, Lying is  haram (impermissible) in all cases, expect those which are exempted by the Lawgiver, April fool’s day is not one of the exemptions. Asma’ bint Yazeed said: “The Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: ‘Lying is not permitted except in three cases: a man’s speaking to his wife to make her happy; lying at times of war; and lying in order to reconcile between people.’” (Saheeh Muslim). Ahmad narrated that Abu Bakr (radiallahuanihu) said: O people, beware of lying, for lying is contrary to faith. Saheeh. It is narrated in a saheeh report from Sa‘d ibn Abi Waqqaas (radiallahuanihu) that he said: The Muslim could develop all sorts of characteristics except treachery and lying. We ask Allaah to make us sincere and truthful in word and deed.


Is it permissible to lie to kaafir?  https://islamqa.info/en/175632

When is deliberate ambiguity permitted in Islam?  http://islamqa.info/en/27261

Our attitude & response to mockery of the Prophet (saw)

https://islamqa.info/en/86109  https://islamqa.info/en/14305

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Fellow believers, anyone who claims to FOLLOW ONLY THE QURAN WITHOUT THE SUNNAH has automatically denied the Quran because he has automatically rejected the above verses of the Quraan which command us to follow, obey the prophet. Without the preserved authentic Sunnah we will not be able to obey these verses of the Quran. The Quraan gave broad principles & instructions regarding acts of worship e.g. salah, zakah, fasting, hajj but the Sunnah explained into details the How? What? When? Who? & Where? Of all the commands of Allah. ANYONE WHO DELIBERATELY & KNOWINGLY REJECTS & OPPOSES THE AUTHENTIC SUNNAH IS NOT A MUSLIM OR IS OUT OF THE FOLD OF ISLAM. HE/SHE NEEDS TO RE-EMBRACE ISLAM  https://islamqa.info/en/227935

Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “I do not want to see any one of you reclining on his couch &, when he hears of my instructions or prohibitions, saying ‘I don’t accept it; we didn’t find any such thing in the Book of Allah.’” Abu ‘Eesaa said: (saheeh hasan Tirmidhi). Al-’Irbaad ibn Saariyah,; “the Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) led us in prayer one day, then he turned to us & exhorted us strongly . . . (he said), ‘Pay attention to my sunnah (way) & the way of the Rightly-guided Khaleefahs  after me, adhere to it & hold fast to it.’” (Abi Dawud). He (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said “None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children & all mankind” (Bukhari).

Many ignorant Muslims have no problems paying “lip service” to loving & accepting the prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam), seeking blessings on him, they in fact go extra mile to celebrate the innovations of Mawlid; in their delusion, it is not important enough to be emulated in his Sunnah to the letter. They accept him & simultaneously deny him. What a double standard! It is hypocrisy to make a distinction between the Sunnah & the Qur’an in terms of adhering to them. Anyone who rejects the authentic Sunnah of the prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) has automatically rejected the Qur’an. No wonder, all the kufr/deviant groups (Shia, Nation of Mislam, Ahmadiyyah, Modernists movements, Quraniyyun, Bahis, Agha khanis, Sufis,Ibadis etc); have a meeting  point (Denial of  the Sunnah, followed by the automatic denial of the Qur’an). Ironically, it is these same people who belittle or deny authentic Sunnah that promote innovations of mawlid & the likes.

“Verily, those who deny Allâh & His Messengers & (those who) wish to separate Allah from His Messengers (by believing in Allâh & disbelieving in His Messengers), saying: “We believe in some but reject others”: & (those who) wish to adopt a way in between. They are in truth Unbelievers; & We have prepared for Unbelievers a humiliating Punishment. To those who believe in Allah & His Messengers & make no distinction between any of the Messengers, We shall soon give their (due) rewards: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.”[4:150-153].

Today, we have lost our identity & defence against laxity; the Sunnah. We allowed ourselves to be influenced & overwhelmed by some of the 21st century Western & cultural barbarism called “Civilization”. We have inferiority complex about the Sunnah of the prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam).We are willing to allow our trousers jump above the ankle in compliance with the trendy fashion propagated by Michael Jackson or allow our pants to “sag” on the backside for the sake of 50-cent ;but, we are too shy & apologetic to allow our pants to jump above the ankle in obedience to the Quranic recommended role model Muhammad (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam).He (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said, “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”(Abu dawud)

A young man after embracing Islam started to grow beards. A supposedly fellow Muslim, perhaps a modernist or a Sufi, said to him, “keeping beards is not an essential requirement of Islam. “The revert brother said “Keeping beard is one of the clear commands of the Prophet & who am I to judge the essentiality of the Prophet’s orders.” Allah says “…So take what the messenger assigns to you & abstain from that which he forbids you …” (59:7). A sheikh asked a Muslim, why he is not worshiping Allah. He said: Iman is in the heart, & everything he asked him, he pointed to the heart. Finally, the sheikh asked, “where is your beard?” the brother also pointed to the heart. Subhanallah! Is the beard also in the heart?

 “Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward” [Tirmidhi]. The one who denies the Sahih Sunnah is a disbeliever, because he is expressing disbelief in Allah and His Messenger, and rejecting the consensus of the Muslims. Proof?  https://islamqa.info/en/115125  https://islamqa.info/en/604

Scholars have deduced from the Quran & Sunnah that For Allah to accept our deeds  3 conditions must be satisfied. (1) Tawheed Say, “I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So, whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” Q 18 :110. (2) Sincerity…Tameem Ad-Dari reported: The Messenger of Allah said “Religion is sincerity or sincere goodwill.” We said, “To whom?” The Prophet said, “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims, and their common people.”. (3) Mutahaba (Total Compliance) “Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent example for him who hopes in Allah and the Last Day’, & remembers Allah much”.Q33: 21. Allah says: “He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah . . .” [4:80] [8:24] .”…So take what the messenger assigns to you & abstain from that which he forbids you …” (59:7).”If you do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love you & forgive you your sins …” (3:31). The next time someone tells you “Don’t worry about it, it’s just a Sunnah”. Please say to him or her “I will worry about it because it’s not just a Sunnah but it is “The SUNNAH” & THE SUNNAH, THE BETTER. We need to abide by all the authentic (NOT FABRICATED) Sunnah; without picking & choosing. We cannot love & hate the Sunnah at the same time. Stop the double standard. If the label fits you, wear it. Tap these playlists/links for useful resource materials on Hadeeth/Sunnah

1. The Sunnah,The Better – Abu Usamah Ad-Dhahabi


2.  The Proof of the Preservation of The Sayings of The Prophet – AbdulRaheem Green https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XOr9k_br92U

3. The Sciences of Hadith by Dr. Bilal philips


  1. Sciences of Hadith- Sh. Yasir Qadhihttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QkGkXd-sx0M

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          IT’S JUST A SUNNAH 1 of 2.


The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “All of my ummah will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” It was said: O Messenger of Allaah, who refuses? He said: “Those who obey me will enter Paradise, and those who disobey me have refused.” قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: (كل أمتي يدخلون الجنة إلا من أبى، قيل: يا رسول الله! ومن يأبى؟ قال: من أطاعني دخل الجنة، ومن عصاني فقد أبى).

“Don’t worry about it, it’s just a Sunnah”. Does this statement sound familiar?” Anyone who says this is ignorant of the meaning of the Sunnah; which makes up more than half of Islam.  Literarily it means a “part” or “way” but in shariah; The Sunnah is the authenticated sayings, deeds & silent approvals of Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam), it is a unique part of the divine revelation & one of the primary sources of Islamic legislation. It was attributed by al-Haafiz in al-Fath (13/291) to al-Bayhaqi, and he said: With a saheeh isnaad. The importance of the Sunnah is first of all that it explains the Book of Allaah and is a commentary on it, then it adds some rulings to those in the Book of Allaah. It is the definitive explanation of the Quran & the ultimate normative practical expression of Islam. There can be no true understanding of how to implement Islam without the Sunnah. The above is the TRUE definition of Sunnah. Some incompetent so called “Muslim scholars” have confused the masses by incorrectly defining the “Sunnah” as a matter of choice, recommended but not required. The FALSE definition of Sunnah is the sayings, deeds & silent approvals of Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) which one may optionally choose to do or ABANDON Bcos it’s just a sunnah.   Is there a difference between the words “hadeeth” and “Sunnah”? https://islamqa.info/en/145520

The Prophet’s Sunnah was preserved in what is known as the hadeeth literature for the preservation of Islam in its pristine form. For hadith rejecters & belittlers of the Sunnah, tap link for mind-blowing proofs of Allah’s Preservation of the Sunnah. https://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/preservationsunnah.html https://islamqa.info/en/239540

It must be firmly established in the mind & heart of every Muslim that the Sunnah is one of the two parts of divine Revelation that were revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam). The other part of the Revelation (Wahy) is the Qur’aan.

Allaah says: “Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed”[Q53:3-4]. Al-Miqdaam ibn Ma’di Yakrib : Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said:

“Verily I have been given the Qur’aan and something similar to it along with it. But soon there will be a time when a man will be reclining on his couch with a full stomach, and he will say, ‘You should adhere to this Qur’aan: what you find that it says is permissible, take it as permissible, and what you find it says is forbidden, take it as forbidden.’ But indeed, whatever the Messenger of Allaah forbids is like what Allaah forbids.” Al-Tirmidhi (Saheehah).This is what was understood by the righteous predecessors. Hassaan ibn ‘Atiyah said in al-Kifaayah by al-Khateeb (12): Jibreel used to bring the sunnah down to the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) as he used to bring the Qur’aan down to him. “And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’aan)], that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought” [al-Nahl 16:44].Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said in Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilm wa Fadlihi (2/190): The commentary of the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) on the Qur’aan is of two types:

1 – Explaining things that are mentioned in general terms in the Qur’aan, such as the five daily prayers, their times, prostration, bowing and all other rulings.

2 – Adding rulings to the rulings of the Qur’aan, such as the prohibition on being married to a woman and to her paternal or maternal aunt at the same time. Tap links for further proofs that the sahih sunnah is revelation “wahy” from Allah & it is a primary source of Islamic legislation. See detailed proofs here http://islamqa.info/en/112268 https://islamqa.info/en/77243

Once it is established that the Sunnah is part of the divine revelation & a primary source of Islamic legislation, it is essential to note that there is only one difference between it & the Qur’aan, which is that the Qur’aan is the verbatim word of Allaah, revealed to the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam), whereas the Sunnah may not be the verbatim words of Allaah, rather it is only His Revelation, so it needs not necessarily come to us verbatim, but the meaning of it comes to us. The point in transmission of the Sunnah is to convey the meanings, not the exact same words that were uttered by the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam). Allaah preserves the words of the Qur’aan in full/verbatim, and He preserves the general meanings of the Sunnah, and that which explains the Book of Allaah, not the exact words & phrases. Proofs of Allah’s preservation of the Sunnah & Differences between the Quran & Hadith Qudsi https://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/preservationsunnah.html

The scholars of this Ummah throughout the early centuries strove to preserve the sharee’ah & the Sunnah. They have transmitted to us the words of the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) as he said them, and they distinguished between the reports that were right & wrong, true & false. An example that readily comes to mind is the hadith of the housefly. “If a housefly falls in the drink of anyone of you, he should dip it (in the drink), for one of its wings has a disease and the other has the cure for the disease.” (Al-Bukhari). It proves the reliability & precision of the science of hadith & of Isnad that the scholars of this ummah follow to ensure preservation of authentic Sunnah. If the collection & authentication process had been based on random selection, common sense or mere affiliation to some people or scholars this hadith would have been thrown out of the window unceremoniously because it did not make sense 14 centuries ago & it seems to contradict the basic rule of hygiene on face value. However, because the authenticated hadiths of the prophet is a revelation from Allah it always made sense even before medical science came to the realization of the truth of this hadith. Tap links for further proof https://abdurrahman.org/2013/03/25/ruling-on-the-hadith-of-the-fly-shaykh-ibn-uthaymeen-videoar-en-subtitles/


“He does not speak from his desire; it is nothing except revelation revealed to him” (53:3-4).   Allah says: “He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah . . .” [4:80] [8:24]

”But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you [Muhammad] judge in all disputes between them, & find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, & accept (them) with full submission.” [4:65].”.”…So take what the messenger assigns to you & abstain from that which he forbids you …” (59:7).”If you do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love you & forgive you your sins …” (3:31).

“. . . And let those who oppose the Messenger’s commandment beware, lest some fitnah (trial, affliction, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [24:63]

“. . . And if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah & His Messenger. [4:59]. “Certainly you have in the Messenger of Allah an excellent example for him who hopes in Allah and the Last Day’, & remembers Allah much”.Q33: 21.

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  A DEADLY VIRUS WORSE THAN EBOLA                        & HIV 2 OF 2.


Prohibition of imitating the kuffaar is one of the basic principles of sharee’ah–whether they are idol-worshippers or People of the Book – is haraam, whether that imitation is of their worship – which is the most serious form – or of their customs & behaviour. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam): “Whoever imitates a people is one of them. There is no religion which encourages its followers to love and care for all creations more than Islam. Infact, Islam encourages us to express love at all times, as the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “If a man loves his brother, let him tell him that he loves him.” (Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi, saheeh).And he said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you truly believe, and you will not truly believe until you love one another.  Shall I not tell you of something that, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread (the greeting of) salaam amongst yourselves.” (Muslim).

Love in Islam is more general & more comprehensive; it is not restricted to love between a man & a woman. There is the love of Allaah, of His Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam), his companions, love for good & righteous people, love & support for the religion, love of martyrdom for the sake of Allaah. It is a dangerous mistake to restrict this broad meaning to this one kind of love which many a time does not even distinguish between the legitimate love in marriage & the forbidden love of mistresses, boy & girlfriend. In Islam, true & sincere couples should express love throughout the year – not just on one day of the year. Those who claim that celebration of this pagan “feast of lovers” helps to promote love between married couples; see statistics in countries where it is widely practiced. American Time magazine stated that around 4,000 wives out of approximately 6 million who are beaten die as a result of that beating. So how can we believe that Valentine’s Day is of any benefit to married couples? The truth is that it is a call for more permissiveness, immorality & the forming of forbidden relationships.

The exception to the general rule of Love in Islam is undoubtedly the love of the kaafirs. One of the basic principles of Islam adhered to by the pious predecessors is  al-walaa’ wa’l-baraa’ (loyalty and friendship vs. disavowal & enmity) only for the sake of Allah. It is obligatory for everyone who says Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Muhammad Rasool Allaah to follow this principle.  Allaah says :

“You (O Muhammad) will not find any people who believe in Allaah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger (Muhammad), even though they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred (people)…”[58:22]

“O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Awliyaa’ (friends, protectors, helpers), they are but Awliyaa’ of each other. And if any amongst you takes them (as Awliyaa’), then surely, he is one of them. Verily, Allaah guides not those people who are the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust)”[5:51]

Real Muslims are proud of their religion & are not weak characters who follow every Tom, Dick & Harry. TAKE A STAND, STAY CLEAR OF THE DEADLY VIRUS OF VALENTINE; A GLOBAL PAGAN VISA FOR OBSCENITY & IMMORALITY.

Ruling on celebrating Valentine’s Day ;  https://islamqa.info/en/73007, https://abuwhy.wordpress.com/tag/islamqa/page/3/, https://islamqa.info/en/145893,

Love: https://islamqa.info/en/82941

The difference between love & a haraam relationship : https://islamqa.info/en/82010

What are the Signs of Allaah’s Love for His Slave? https://islamqa.info/en/7232

Ruling on Men and women talking in chat rooms https://islamqa.info/en/34841

Love for the sake of Allah https://islamqa.info/en/173

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A DEADLY VIRUS WORSE THAN EBOLA &                       HIV.  1 OF 2.


Indeed, a virus more deadly than EBOLA is eating up the global fabric of humanity & threatening our moral sanity. It has become a global epidemic. It glorifies fornication & adultery, promotes indecent & extra-marital affairs, revives paganism, displays animalistic tendencies etc., all in the name of lust. Human beings are expected to condescend lower than animals & do as they will even if it is obscene. A day we are expected to throw all caution, sanctity & morality  to the wind ; all in the name of a pagan festival which glorifies immorality.

A day we are are expected to get  by hook or  crook  an illicit sexual partner; inability to find one makes us  feel  incomplete for  the  illicit game. A day virginity is to be lost indecently & extramaritally, but with pride.  A day full of time wasting, music, extravagance, men mixing with women & other haram in the name of love, entertainment & fun. A day we are expected to openly, bluntly & officially disobey the creator of the heavens & earth by removing our garments of decency, morality & putting on the garment of obscenity with pride. What a day?

A day popularly called “VALENTINE’S DAY”. A day planet earth becomes red. All red colored products become more expensive than any color & we are expected to adopt a pagan bloody dress code of red, exchange  red gifts  e.g. roses, toys etc. On these cards & gifts, are pictures of “Cupid”, who appears as a child with two wings, carrying a bow & arrows. This was the god of love of the pagan Romans. This concept is further fuelled by capitalist profiteering.

Statistics indicate that Valentine’s Day is second only to Christmas in popularity. Just like Christmas; it is also a christianized pagan Roman festival. The Romans believe that Romulus, the founder of Rome, was suckled one day by a she-wolf, which gave him strength & wisdom. They used to commemorate this event in mid-February annually. One of the rituals of this festival was the sacrifice of a dog & a goat. Two strong & muscular youths would daub the blood of the dog & goat onto their bodies, then wash the blood away with milk. These youths would whip everyone who crossed their path with a leather. Roman women would welcome these whips, because they believed it could prevent or cure infertility. The names of girls who had reached maturity would be written on small rolls of paper & placed in a dish. Then, the young men would be called to pick a piece of paper. He would be at the sexual service of the girl whose name he had drawn for one year, so that they could find out about one another. They could get married, or they could repeat the same process the next festival. Romans embraced Christianity, changed this pagan “Feast of Lovers”, to  the “martyrs of love”, represented by Saint Valentine who had advocated love & peace. The Roman emperor Claudius II decreed in the third century CE that soldiers should not get married, because marriage would distract them from the wars they used to fight. This decree was opposed by Saint Valentine, who started to perform marriages for the soldiers in secret. When the emperor found out about that, he threw him in jail & executed him on 14 February 270 CE, on the eve of February 15, the festival of Lupercalis.

It is not permissible for a Muslim to celebrate any of the festivals of the kuffaar, because festivals come under the heading of shar’i issues which are to be based on the sound texts. Indeed, festivals are one of the most unique features that distinguish various religions. They are part of the clear way & rituals of which Allaah says:

 “For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies which they must follow”[22:67]

— such as the qiblah, prayer  & fasting etc. Joining in fully with the festival is joining in with kufr, and joining in with some of its minor issues is joining in with some of the branches of kufr, disobedience & sin. Anas (radiallahuanihu) said: When the Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) came to Madeenah, they had two days when they would play. He said: “What are these two days?” They said: “We used to play on these days during the Jaahiliyyah.” The Messenger (saw) said: “Allaah has given you instead of them two days that are better than them: the day of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr.” Saheeh Abi Dawood. This indicates that festivals are among the characteristics by which nations are distinguished, and it is not permissible for the Muslims to imitate them in anything that is uniquely a part of their festivals e.g. food, clothing, bathing, lighting fires, refraining from a regular habit, doing acts of worship or to give a feast or gifts, or to sell anything that will help them to do that, or to allow children and others to play games or wear their costumes or anything else. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam); “You would follow the ways of those who came before you step by step, to such an extent that if they were to enter a lizard’s hole, you would enter it too.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said, “Who else?” (Bukhari).

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             WHERE IS ALLAH 1 of 2 ?


Where is Allah?  Is it permissible to ask such a question? Muawiyah Bin Al-Hakam said: “I had a maid-servant who tended goats by the side of Uhud & Jawwaniya. One day I happened to pass that way and found that a wolf had carried a goat from her flock. I am after all a man from the posterity of Adam. I felt sorry as they (human beings) feel sorry. So I slapped her. I came to the Messenger of Allah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) and felt (this act of mine) as something grievous. I said: Messenger of Allah, should I not grant her freedom? He (Prophet) said: Bring her to me. So, I brought her to him. He said to her: Where is Allah? She said: He is in the heaven (i.e. His throne is above the heavens & gestured towards the sky). He said: Who am I? She said: You are the Messenger of Allah. He said: Grant her freedom, she is a believing woman”. The people of Sunnah & Jama’ah (adherents to the prophetic way) believe that Allah is exalted above His creation because of the evidences of the Quran, Sunnah, consensus of the scholars, common sense & man’s innate instinct (fitrah).
(1) THE QURAN DESCRIBES THE “EXALTEDNESS” OR “HIGHNESS” OF ALLAH in different ways, as His being high and above, and by describing how things come down from Him, and go up to Him, and by stating that He is above the heavens.

“Surely, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days (periods) and then rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty), disposing the affair of all things.” [Q10:3]
“… and He is the Most High, the Most Great.” [Q2:255]
“Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.” [Q87:1]
“And He is the Irresistible, above His slaves …” [Q6:18]
“They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.” [Q16:50]
“He arranges (every) affair from the heavens to the earth … ” [Q32:5]
“Verily We: it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e., the Quran) …” [Q15:9]
“… To Him ascend (all) the goodly words, and the righteous deeds exalt it …” [Q35:10]
“The angels and the Rooh (Jibreel) ascend to Him …” [Q70:4]
“Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven, will not cause the earth to sink with you …?” [67:16]

(2) THE SUNNAH: “MUTAWATIR” (i.e. with a large number of narrators at every stage of the isnad/chain, such that it is impossible for them all to have agreed on a lie) from the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam), describing his words and deeds and things of which he approved. For example, he used to say “Subhana Rabbi al-A’la (Glory be to my Lord Most High)” in sujood (prostration), and in some ahadeeth (reports) he is reported to have said “By Allah Who is above the Throne.”
Among his deeds is the gesture of pointing up with his finger, when addressing the people in the greatest gathering, on the Day of ‘Arafah during his Farewell Pilgrimage. He asked the people, “Have I not conveyed the message?” and they said, “Yes!” He asked again, “Have I not conveyed the message?” and they said, “Yes!” He asked a third time, “Have I not conveyed the message?” and they said “Yes!” Each time, he said: “O Allah, bear witness!” – pointing up to the sky and then at the people. He also used to raise his hands towards heaven when he made du’a (supplication), as reported in many ahadeeth. This is proof via his actions that Allah is exalted and high. Another example is the hadith concerning the young slave girl mentioned above. This slave girl was uneducated, as many are, and she was a slave, but she knew that her Lord is above the heaven. Some misguided people deny that Allah is above heaven, and say, “He is neither above nor below; neither to the right nor to the left. He is everywhere!”. Sh. Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This view has implications that are very, very false, because if you say that Allah is everywhere, this implies that He is in lavatories – Allah forbid – and in other places that filled with impurities and filth, and who would describe his Lord in such terms? It is not possible for any believer to describe his Lord in such terms. End quote from Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen.

(3) THE CONSENSUS OF THE SCHOLARS: The salaf (pious predecessors) agreed that Allah is above heaven, as is reported by scholars such as al-Dhahabi, may Allah have mercy on him, in his book Al-‘Aluw li’l-‘Aliy al-Ghaffar.
(4) COMMON SENSE: Highness is a quality which is associated in people’s minds with perfection. If this is the case, then it should be attributed to Allah because every absolute perfection should be attributed to Him.


  WHERE IS ALLAH 2 of 2 ?

(5) THE INNATE INSTINCT OF MAN (FITRAH). There should be no dispute that humans instinctively know that Allah is above  the heaven. Whenever something overwhelming befalls a person, and he turns to Allah for help, he looks towards heaven, not in any other direction. But it is strange that those who deny that Allah is above His creation still raise their hands in supplication to no other direction than towards heaven.
Even Pharaoh, the enemy of Allah who disputed with Moosa (peace be upon him) about his Lord, told his minister Haman : “O Haman! Build me a tower that I may arrive at the ways, – the ways of the heavens, and I may look upon the god of Moosa …” [Q40:36-37]

He knew in his heart of hearts that Allah is real: “And they belied them (those ayat/signs) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their own selves were convinced thereof …” [Q27:14]
It is proven in the Quran, Sunnah & by the consensus (ijma’) of the salaf (early generations) of this ummah (global Islamic nation) that Allah is above His heavens over His Throne (as befits His Majesty), and that He is the Exalted, Most High. He is above all things, and there is nothing that is above Him. Allah says:

“Allah, it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six days. Then He rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper) or an intercessor. Will you not then remember (or receive admonition)?” [Q32:4]

“Surely, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty), disposing the affair of all things.” [Q10:3]

“To Him ascend (all) the goodly words, and the righteous deeds exalt it (i.e. the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds).” [35:10]. “He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him).” [57:3]. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “You are the Most High and there is nothing above You…”. There are many similar ayat (verses) and ahadeeth. But at the same time, Allah tells us that He is with His slaves wherever they are:

Allah has combined mention of His being above His Throne with mention of His being with His slaves in these ayahs:

“Have you not seen that Allah knows whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth? There is no najwa (secret counsel) of three but He is their fourth (with His Knowledge, while He Himself is over the Throne, over the seventh heaven), — nor of five but He is their sixth (with His Knowledge), — nor of less than that or more but He is with them (with His Knowledge) wheresoever they may be.” [58:7]

“He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then rose over (istawa) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, and what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be.” [57:4]

Saying that Allah is with us does not mean that He is mixed with (or dwells in) His creation; rather He is with His slaves by His knowledge. He is above His Throne and nothing is hidden from Him of what they do. With regard to the ayah : “And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge).” [50:16]

Most of the mufassireen (exegesists) said that what is meant is that He is near by means of His angels whose task it is to record people’s deeds. And those who said that it means that He is near explained it as meaning that He is near by His knowledge, as is said concerning how He is with us. This is the correct view  & that of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah (followers of prophetic guidance), who affirm that Allah is above His creation and that He is also with His slaves, and they state that He is far above dwelling  within His creation. With regard to the denial of all Divine attributes as voiced by the Jahamiyyah (a deviant sect) and their followers, they deny that His Essence is above His creatures and that He rose above His Throne, and they say that He is present in His Essence everywhere. This is a denial of the Qur’an. God is separate from His creation, does not dwell in his creation, was never & will be never a part of it. Sufis’s deviation from Islam & anti-tawheed believes are (a) Al-Hulool: that God dwells in His creation. (b) Al-It’tihaad: that God & the creation are one, united presence. (c) Wahdatul-Wujood: that one should not differentiate between the Creator & the creation, for both the creation & the Creator are one entity. Tap this link https://imadawah.wordpress.com/2018/12/09/sufism-is-not-islam-so-what-is-it-1-of-2/



Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Allah was and there was nothing with Him, then He created the universe, so it must be one of three scenarios:

  1. Either He created it within Himself, then He separated from it. This is impossible; Allah is far above being in contact with filth and other things;


  1. He created it outside Himself, then He entered it. This is also impossible; Allah is far above entering into His creation. There is no dispute among any of the Muslims that these two scenarios are impossible.


3.He created it outside of Himself, and did not enter into it. This is the truth; no other scenario is possible and nothing but this is befitting to Allah. End quote from Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa (5/152).

Should they pray behind someone who says that Allah is everywhere?


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 Ibn Katheer said: “and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne” [9:129] means, He is the Sovereign and Creator of all things, because He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne which is the roof of creation. All created things, the heavens and the earth and all that is in them and in between them are beneath the Throne of Allaah and are subject to His power. His knowledge encompasses all things and His power controls all things, and He is Watcher over all things. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/405). “Owner of the Throne” [85:15] means, the Master of the Mighty Throne which is above all created things. “The Glorious” – there are two readings of this word (al-Majeed). If it is nominative (al-Majeedu) it is an adjective referring to the Lord, may He be glorified, and if it is genitive (al-Majeedi), it is an adjective referring to the Throne. Both meanings are correct. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 4/474). Majeed means vast and mighty in power. It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed that the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “The people will fall unconscious on the Day of Resurrection; I will be the first to regain consciousness, and Moosa will be there, holding on to one of the pillars of the Throne. I do not know whether he woke up before me or if he was exempted because he had fallen unconscious at the Mount of Sinai.” (Bukhaari). The Throne has bearers who carry it. Allaah says: “Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allaah) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah) (saying): ‘Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire!’” [40:7]. They are of immense size: Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah that the Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “I have been granted permission to speak about one of the angels of Allaah, one of the bearers of the Throne. The space between his earlobes and his shoulders is the distance of seven hundred years’ travelling. (Abu Dawood). Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said concerning this hadeeth: its isnaad meets the conditions of being saheeh. (Fath al-Baari, 8/665).

The shaking of the Throne at the death of Sa‘d ibn Mu‘aadh was only because of the joy of the Lord, may He be exalted; it was not a reflection of any imperfection https://islamqa.info/en/197531

Does the Throne of Allaah shake because of divorce? NO


The Throne is above the Kursiy, and is above all of creation. Ibn al-Qayyim said: If Allaah is separate from His creation, then either He is encompassing them or He is not. If He is encompassing them, then He must be above them, because that which encompasses must necessarily be above that which is encompassed. Hence because the heavens encompass the earth, they must be above it, and because the Kursiy encompasses the heavens, it must be above them, and because the Throne encompasses the Kursiy, it must be above it. Whatever encompasses all of that must necessarily be above it. HE (ALLAH) IS NOT IN PHYSICAL CONTACT WITH ANYTHING THAT HE ENCOMPASSES; NEITHER IS THERE ANY SIMILARITY OR RESEMBLANCE BETWEEN HIM AND THAT WHICH HE ENCOMPASSES. (al-Sawaa’iq al-Mursalah, 4/1308).

Shaykh `Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulusi’s (d. 1143) : “Whoever believes that Allah permeates the Heavens and the Earth, or that He is a body sitting on His Throne, is a disbeliever, even if he thinks of himself as a Muslim. IBN HAJAR ALSO REJECTED THE STATEMENT THAT ALLAH IS ON THE THRONE “IN PERSON” AS EQUALLY PREPOSTEROUS AS SAYING THAT HE IS EVERYWHERE “The Throne is neither Sovereignty (al-Mulk) nor the Kursiy. Ibn Abi’l-‘Izz al-Hanafi said: What would those who distort the word of Allaah and say that the Throne is an expression referring to al-Mulk or sovereignty say about the following aayat? –

“…and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them” [69:17]

“…and His Throne was on the water…” [11:7]

Will they say that eight angels will, that Day, bear the Sovereignty of Allaah, and that His Sovereignty was on the water? Will Moosa be holding on to one of the pillars of Allaah’s sovereignty? Can any sane person who knows what he is saying utter such things? Concerning the Kursiy, Allaah says : “His Kursiy extends over the heavens and the earth” [2:255]. It was said that this is the Throne, but the correct view is that it is something else. This was transmitted from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them both) and others. Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated in Sifatal-‘Arsh, and al-Haakim narrated in his Mustadrak that [the following  report] meets the conditions of the two Shaykhs [al-Bukhaari & Muslim] although they did not narrate it: (it was reported from) from Sa’eed ibn Jubayr that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said, concerning the aayah: “His Kursiy extends over the heavens and the earth” [2:255]: The Kursiy is the footstool, and no one can comprehend how vast the Throne is except Allaah. This was transmitted as a marfoo’ report (attributed to the Prophet), but the correct view is that it is mawqoof, stopping at Ibn ‘Abbaas.

Abu Dharr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) say: “The Kursiy in relation to the Throne is like an iron ring thrown out into empty land.” AND, AS ONE OF THE SALAF SAID, BEFORE THE THRONE IT IS LIKE A STEP. (Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Tahhaawiyyah, p. 312, 313). Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: There are those who say that the Kursiy is the Throne because of the hadeeth, “Allaah will set up His Kursiy on the Day of Resurrection.” They think that the Kursiy is the Throne. Similarly, some people claim that the Kursiy is Allaah’s knowledge, and say that the aayah: “His Kursiy extends over the heavens and the earth” [2:255] refers to His Knowledge. The correct view is that the Kursiy is a footstool, and the Throne is that which the Most Merciful rose above (istiwaa’). And knowledge is the attribute of the knowledgeable one by means of which he understands that which he knows. (al-Qawl al-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 3/393, 394). Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, is unique in His divinity, so there was no created entity with Him in past eternity. Rather He was Allah, and there was nothing before Him. Then He created His creation and rose above His Throne, as He has told us in His Book, in such a manner as He willed, may He be exalted, and there is none that can dispute with Him regarding His sovereignty and He has no partner in His authority. The Throne, angels bearing the throne, water, the heavens and all creatures only exist and continue to exist by the support of their Lord, Who is the one who created them and created them for the purpose for which they were created, and sustained them and provided for them, and that the Throne needs its Lord, and it is held up by His might and power not by the powers of the angels tasked to bear it, for “Verily! Allah grasps the heavens and the earth lest they move away from their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is not one that could grasp them after Him. Truly, He is Ever Most Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving” [35:41]. It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (radiallahuanihu) said that the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: “There are seven whom Allaah will shade with His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His: the just ruler; a young man who grows up worshipping his Lord; a man whose heart is attached to the mosque; two men who love one another for the sake of Allaah and meet and part on that basis; a man who is called by a woman of rank and beauty and says ‘I fear Allaah’; a man who gives in charity and conceals it to such an extent that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives; and a man who remembers Allaah when he is alone, and his eyes fill up.” (Agreed upon). Tap link for details of these (7).  https://islamqa.info/en/924  Are you one of them? Tap this link to know the virtues of the Greatest Ayah of the Qur’an (Aayat al-Kursiy) https://islamqa.info/en/6092

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It is not permissible to greet or congratulate the kuffaar on the occasion of Christmas, New Year or any of their other holidays, and it is not permissible to respond to them when they greet us on those occasions, because they are not festivals that are prescribed in our religion, and returning their greeting is an affirmation and approval of them. The Muslim should be proud of his religion and its rulings, and he should be keen to call others and convey to them the religion of Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him)  asked about the ruling on greeting the kuffaar on the occasion of Christmas and how we should respond when they greet us on this occasion. Is it permissible to go to the parties that they hold on this occasion? 

Is a person sinning if he does any of the things mentioned without intending to, and he only does it to be nice, or because of or shyness or embarrassment or other reasons? Is it permissible to imitate them in that? 

He replied: 

Greeting the kuffaar on the occasion of Christmas or any of their other religious holidays is haraam according to scholarly consensus, as was stated by Ibn al-Qayyim in his book Ahkaam Ahl al-Dhimmah, where he says: 

“Congratulating the kuffaar on the rituals that belong only to them is haraam by consensus, as is congratulating them on their festivals and fasts by saying ‘A happy festival to you’ or ‘May you enjoy your festival,’ and so on. If the one who says this has been saved from kufr, it is still forbidden. It is like congratulating someone for prostrating to the cross, or even worse than that. It is as great a sin as congratulating someone for drinking wine, or murdering someone, or having illicit sexual relations, and so on. Many of those who have no respect for their religion fall into this error; they do not realize the offensiveness of their actions. Whoever congratulates a person for his disobedience or bid’ah or kufr exposes himself to the wrath and anger of Allaah.” End quote. 

Congratulating the kuffaar on their religious festivals is haraam to the extent described by Ibn al-Qayyim because it implies that one accepts or approves of their rituals of kufr, even if one would not accept those things for oneself. But the Muslim should not accept the rituals of kufr or congratulate anyone else for them, because Allaah does not accept any of that at all, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

If you disbelieve, then verily, Allaah is not in need of you, He likes not disbelief for His slaves. And if you are grateful (by being believers), He is pleased therewith for you.  .
[al-Zumar 39:7]

. . .

 This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion . .

[al-Maa’idah 5:3] 

So congratulating them is forbidden, whether they are one’s colleagues at work or otherwise.

If they greet us on the occasion of their festivals, we should not respond, because these are not our festivals, and because they are not festivals which are acceptable to Allaah. These festivals are innovations in their religions, and even those which may have been prescribed formerly have been abrogated by the religion of Islaam, with which Allaah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to the whole of mankind. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

Whoever seeks a religion other than Islaam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:85]

It is haraam for a Muslim to accept invitations on such occasions, because this is worse than congratulating them as it implies taking part in their celebrations.

Similarly, Muslims are forbidden to imitate the kuffaar by having parties on such occasions, or exchanging gifts, or giving out sweets or food, or taking time off work, etc., because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said in his book Iqtidaa’ al-Siraat al-Mustaqeem Mukhaalifat Ashaab al-Jaheem: “Imitating them in some of their festivals implies that one is pleased with their false beliefs and practices, and gives them the hope that they may have the opportunity to humiliate and mislead the weak

End quote from Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 3/44. 

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