THE TURNING POINT 2 OF 2
Allah, Most High, says, “Those who believe, and migrate and strive in Allah’s cause, with their goods and their persons, have the highest rank in the sight of Allah: they are indeed the successful people. Their Lord does give them glad tidings of a Mercy from Himself, of His good pleasure, and of Gardens where enduring pleasure will be theirs: They will dwell therein forever. Verily in Allah’s presence is a reward, the greatest (of all).” (9: 20-22).
Islam progressed not simply from the physical Hijrah, but because the then Muslims took Hijrah seriously in all its aspects & dimensions. For instance, Muslims chose Hijrah as the focal point to reckon their calendar during ‘Umar’s (ra) caliphacy. That was because a case was referred to Ameer al-Mu’mineen ‘Umar (ra) concerning a contract that one man had with another, saying that what he owed him became due in Sha‘baan.
‘Umar said; Which Sha‘baan? The Sha‘baan of this year we are in now or of last year or of next year? Then, he summoned the Sahaabah & consulted them about adopting a calendar from which they could determine when debts became due and the likes.
Some suggested adopting the Persian or the Byzantine calendar, birth of the prophet(sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam), beginning of his mission, his migration (Hijrah) or from his death. ‘Umar (ra) was inclined to choose the date of the Hijrah because it is a major landmark for Islam & it was well known when it occurred & they all agreed.
The point is that they made the beginning of the Islamic calendar the year of the Hijrah, & they made the first month of the Islamic year Muharram, as was narrated from them. This is the view of the majority of imams, so that people could conduct their businesses on that basis, with no confusion. See: al-Bidaayah wa’n-Nihaayah, 3/251-253.
- Muharram (“Forbidden” – it is one of the four months during which it is forbidden to wage war or fight)
- Safar(“Empty” or “Yellow”),
- Rabia Awal(“First spring”),
- Rabia Thani(“Second spring”)
,5. Jumaada Awal (“First freeze”),
- Jumaada Thani(“Second freeze”)
,7. Rajab (“To respect” – this is another holy month when fighting is prohibited),
- Sha’ban(“To spread & distribute”)
- Ramadan(“Parched thirst” – this is the month of daytime fasting),
- Shawwal(“To be light & vigorous”),
- Dhul-Qa’dah(“The month of rest” – another month when no warfare or fighting is allowed),
- Dhul-Hijjah(“The month of Hajj” – this is the month of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, again when no warfare or fighting is allowed).
Download for free the HIjrah calendar, salah time adhan on to your phones & computers from www.islamicfinder.org
Is it advised to end the hijri year with prayers for forgiveness, fasting & tahajjud night? NO. http://islamqa.info/en/44021
Ruling on offering congratulations at the beginning of the Hijri year http://islamqa.info/en/21290
Is hijrah obligatory for those who feel vulnerable in their religion?
Is it obligatory for those who embrace Islam in kaafir lands to migrate (hijrah)? http://islamqa.info/en/47672
The reason why Ramadan changes every year in relation to the Gregorian calendar http://islamqa.info/en/170701
“Zakaah year” & the hijri year http://islamqa.info/en/207109
Can Muslims settle in kaafir countries for the sake of a better life? http://islamqa.info/en/13363