HAJJ & UMRAH SIMPLIFIED 2 of 4

HAJJ & UMRAH SIMPLIFIED 2 of 4

IHRAAM

Pilgrim observes the SUNNAHS OF IHRAAM (ghusl, applying perfume & praying).Then he should enter ihraam after he finishes the prayer or after boarding his means of transportation at the miqat (specific designated place of entering ihraam), www.islamqa.info/en/135298, http://www.islamqa.info/en/96758.

Then if he is doing Tamattu’, he should say, “Labbayk Allaahumma bi ‘Umrah (Here I am, O Allaah, for ‘Umrah).”

If he is doing Qiraan, he should say, “Labbayk Allaahumma bi Hijjah wa ‘Umrah (Here I am, O Allaah, for Hajj & ‘Umrah).”

If he is doing Ifraad, he should say, “Labbayk Allaahumma Hajjan (Here I am, O Allaah, for Hajj).”

Then he should say, “Allaahumma haadhihi hijjah laa riyaa’a fiha wa la sum’ah (O Allaah, this is a pilgrimage in which there is no showing off or seeking reputation).”

Then he should recite the TALBIYAH as the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) did: “Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wa’l-ni’mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak  (Here I am, O Allaah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Verily all praise and blessings are Yours, and all sovereignty, You have no partner).”

Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) also said:, “Labbayka ilaah al-haqq (Here I am, O God of Truth).”

Ibn ‘Umar added, “Labbaayk wa sa’dayka, wa’l-khayr bi yadayka, wa’l-raghba’ ilayka wa’l-‘aml (Here I am and blessed by You, and all good is in Your hands, & desire & action are directed towards You).”

Men should raise their voices, but women should recite it silently especially in the presence of non-mahrem.

Stipulating a condition when entering ihraam by saying if something prevents me from completing my pilgrimage such as sickness or delay etc., then I will exit my ihraam. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) commanded Dubaa’ah bint al-Zubayr, when she wanted to enter ihraam but she was sick, to stipulate such a condition, and he said, “Your condition is valid with your Lord.”(Bukhaari). Exiting with this pre-condition does not necessitate offering a sacrifice in compensation.

The MUHRIM (person in ihraam) should recite the Talbiyah a great deal, ask Allaah for His good pleasure and for Paradise, & seek refuge in His Mercy from the Fire.

The Talbiyah is prescribed in ‘Umrah from the moment one enters ihraam until one starts Tawaaf. In Hajj, it is prescribed from the moment one enters ihraam until one stones Jamarat al-‘Aqabah on the day of Eid. For details of prohibitions while in a state of ihraam. http://www.islamqa.info/en/11356.

WHEN ENTERING MAKKAH

When the pilgrim approaches Makkah, he should do ghusl before entering. Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) did ghusl before entering Makkah. (Muslim).

He enters al-Masjid al-Haraam with his right foot first, & say, “Bismillaah wa’l-salaatu wa’l-salaam ‘ala Rasool-Allaah. Allaahumma ighfir li dhunoobi waftah li abwaab rahmatika. A’oodhu Billaah il-‘Azeem wa bi wajhih il-kareem wa bi sultaanih il-‘qadeem min al-Shaytaan il-rajeem (In the name of Allaah, and blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allaah. O Allaah, forgive me my sins & open to me the gates of Your mercy. I seek refuge with Allaah the Almighty & in His noble Countenance and His eternal power from the accursed Satan).” Then he should go to the Black Stone in order to start tawaaf(circumambulation around the kaaba 7x). After doing tawaaf & prayed two rak’ahs (behind maqaam Ibrahim if possible/feasible), he should go to the MAS’A (place for saa’i) & perform saa’i between al-Safa & al-Marwah 7 circuits. For detailed description of Tawaaf  & saa’i. http://www.islamqa.info/en/31819.

The pilgrim who is doing Tamattu’ should do saa’i for ‘Umrah; those who are doing Ifraad & Qiraan should do saa’i for Hajj, & they may delay it until after Tawaaf al-Ifaadah.

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