CAMPING FOR THE BIGGEST NIGHT.

CAMPING FOR THE BIGGEST NIGHT.
‘Aa’ishah (radiallahuaniah) said that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) used to observe i’tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadaan until Allaah took his soul, then his wives observed i’tikaaf after he was gone. Bukhaari. There was scholarly consensus that i’tikaaf is prescribed in sharee’ah, https://islamqa.info/en/48999
Undoubtedly i’tikaaf in the mosque is an act of worship prescribed in Ramadaan and at other times but observing it in Ramadaan is better than at other times. .
The basic principle is that i’tikaaf is Sunnah, not obligatory, unless one made a vow to do it, in which case it becomes obligatory, because the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) said: “Whoever vows to obey Allaah, let him obey Him, and whoever vows to disobey Him, let him not disobey Him.” Bukhaari.
‘Umar (radiallahuaniu) said: “O Messenger of Allaah, during the Jaahiliyyah I vowed to observe i’tikaaf for one night in al-Masjid al-Haraam.” He said: “Fulfil your vow.”
IT IS WRONG FOR A MAN OR WOMAN TO OBSERVE I’TIKAAF IN THE HOUSE
I’tikaaf is only valid if done in the mosque, she does not have the right to observe i’tikaaf in her house, because Allaah says “while you are in I‘tikaaf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques”, and because the wives of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) asked him for permission to observe i’tikaaf in the mosque, and he gave them permission.
“And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I‘tikaaf (i.e. confining oneself in a mosque for prayers and invocations leaving the worldly activities) in the mosques”[2:187]
Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (6/480): It is not correct for a man or a woman to observe i’tikaaf anywhere except in the mosque. This is the view favoured by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen in al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/513. Men and women are equal in this regard.
Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni: A woman has the right to observe i‘tikaaf in any mosque, and that is not subject to the condition that it be a mosque where prayers are performed in congregation, because that is not obligatory upon her. Al-Shaafa’i shares same view. https://islamqa.info/en/37911
FOR MORE DETAILED INFORMATION/RULINGS ON I’TIKAAF TAP LINK. https://islamqa.info/en/cat/469
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