*GLOBAL UNITY TO START & END  RAMADHAN SAME DAY IS ERROR*.

*GLOBAL UNITY TO START & END  RAMADHAN SAME DAY  IS ERROR*.
The most likely reason for the differences in the start of the fast from one country to another is the natural difference in sighting the new moon. *Such differences are natural, scientific & well known and it makes sense that there are such differences*.Based on this, *it is not possible to expect all the Muslims to start fasting at the same time, because this would mean that some of them were starting to fast before the new moon had been sighted and even before it had appeared*.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  *This is impossible from an astronomical point of view*, because the sighting of the new moon, as Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said, differs, according to the scientists who are well-versed in this field. Because it differs, then each country should have its own ruling, according to the reports and according to science.The evidence from reports is the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
*“So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month”[2:185]*
If it so happens that people in a remote region of the world do not see the new moon whereas the people of Makkah do see it, then how can the words of this verse apply to those who have not seen the new moon? *The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it.” (Agreed upon).*
So if the people of *Makkah*, for example, see it, then how can we expect the people of *Pakistan* and countries further east to start fasting, when we know that that the new moon has not yet appeared in their region, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) connected the start of fasting to the sighting of the moon?. *We know that dawn appears in eastern regions of the earth before it appears in western regions, so if dawn has appeared in eastern regions, do we have to stop eating even though it is still night where we are? The answer is no. If the sun has set in eastern regions but it is still day where we are, is it permissible for us to break our fast? The answer is no. And the new moon is exactly like the sun, except that the timing of the new moon is monthly and the timing of the sun is daily*
“and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall”.[2:187] is also the One Who said “So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month”.[2:185]
✅So the evidence of both the shariah texts & science indicates that we should establish a separate ruling for each place when it comes to starting and ending the fast, and this should be connected to the physical sign which Allaah has described in His Book and which His Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) established in his Sunnah, namely the sighting of the moon and the sighting of the sun or dawn.End quote from Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam, p. 451.And he said, explaining this analogy and supporting the argument of those who say that there should be different moon sightings:

_They say that the monthly timings should be like the daily sightings.Just as different countries vary in the start and end of the fast each day, so too they must differ in the start and end of the month-long fast.The difference in daily timings is well known according to Muslim consensus; those who are in the east start fasting before those who are in the west, and they also break the fast first._
*If we accept the differences in sighting with regard to daily timings, then we should also accept it with regard to the month*.
No one can say that the verse “and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall”and the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) “When the night has come from here and the day has departed from here and the sun has set, then the faster may break his fast” are general in meaning and apply to all the Muslims in every region.The same applies to the verse “So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month” and the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) “When you see it fast and when you see it stop fasting.”
As you see, this opinion is very strong, and the analogy is sound, the analogy between the monthly timing and the daily timing.End quote from Fataawa Ramadaan, compiled by Ashraf ‘Abd al-Maqsood, p. 104.
The Council of Senior Scholars issued an important statement on this topic, the text of which is as follows:
1⃣The difference in moon sighting is something which is well known, and there is no difference among the scholars concerning this. Rather the difference of scholarly opinion has to do with whether the difference in moon sighting matters or not.
2⃣The issue of whether the difference in moon sighting matters or not is a theoretical matter in which there is room for ijtihaad. Even people of great knowledge and piety differed concerning this matter. This is a type of difference which is acceptable, where the one who makes ijtihaad and gets it right will have two rewards, one for his ijtihaad and the other for getting it right, and the one who gets it wrong will be rewarded for his ijtihaad.The scholars differed concerning this matter and there are two points of view. One is that the difference in moon sighting matters and the other is that it does not matter.Each group quotes evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and sometimes they quote the same text, such as when they both quote the verse (interpretation of the meaning): “They ask you (O Muhammad) about the new moons. Say: These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage” [2:189] and the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it.” That is because of different understandings of the texts, and different ways in which each group derives evidence from them.Based on the considerations that the Council has seen and examined, and based on the fact that the difference of opinion on this matter does not have any effect that may lead to undesirable consequences, since this religion appeared fourteen centuries ago and we do not know of any period during which the ummah was united in moon sighting, the members of the Council of Senior Scholars think that matters should be left as they are and that this subject should not be stirred up. Each Islamic state should have the right to choose whichever opinion it wishes, based on the suggestions of its own scholars, because each view has its evidence and proofs.
3⃣ *The Council has studied the issue of proving the new moon by means of calculation, and what has been narrated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and they have studied the comments of the scholars on this matter. They have decided unanimously that astronomical calculations carry no weight in determining the new moon with regard to Islamic matters, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it.” And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not fast until you see it, and do not stop fasting until you see it.” And because of other evidence to that effect*.End quote, from Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/102.

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*THE DAY OF DOUBT*

*THE DAY  OF  DOUBT*

What is called the “day of doubt” ?. *It is the last day of Sha’baan or the first day of Ramadaan? Fasting on this day is haraam* because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, *“Fast when you see the new moon and break your fast when you see the new moon, and if you are not sure, then complete the number of Sha’baan as thirty days.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1909).*
‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir said: *“Whoever fasts on the day concerning which there is doubt has disobeyed Abu’l-Qaasim* (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” Tirmidhi, classed as saheeh by al-Albaani inSaheeh al-Tirmidhi, 553.

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “It was understood from this that it is haraam to fast the day of doubt, because the Sahaabah would not say such a thing based on personal opinion, so a report such as this has the same status as a marfoo’ hadeeth.
The scholars of the Standing Committee said concerning the day of doubt, *“The Sunnah indicates that it is haraam to fast this day.”* (Fataawa al-Lajnah, 10/117)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, after mentioning the difference of opinion concerning the ruling on fasting the day of doubt: “The most correct of these views is that it is haraam, but if it is proven to the ruler that it is obligatory to fast this day and he commands the people to fast, then no one should go against his opinion, and that means that no one should show that he is not fasting on that day, rather a person (who has a different opinion) may not fast, but he should do so secretly.” Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/318.
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   PREPARING  FOR  BLESSINGS 2 of 2.

 

5 – Seeking knowledge in order to be able to follow the rulings on fasting and to understand the virtues of Ramadaan.

6 – Hastening to complete any tasks that may distract the Muslim from doing acts of worship.

7 – Sitting with one’s family members – wife and children – to tell them of the rulings on fasting and encourage the young ones to fast.

8 – Preparing some  authentic  Islamic books which can be read at home or given to the imam of the mosque to read to the people during Ramadaan.

9 – Fasting some of the month of Sha’baan in preparation for fasting Ramadaan.

‘Aa’ishah (radiallahuaniah) said: The Messenger  (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ……… And I never saw the Messenger  (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) complete a month of fasting except Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more in any month than in Sha’baan. Bukhaari.

Usaamah ibn Zayd said: I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting in any month as you fast in Sha’baan? He said: “That is a month that people neglect between Rajab and Ramadaan, but it is a month in which people’s deeds are taken up to the Lord of the Worlds and I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.” Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.

10 – Reading Qur’aan

Salamah ibn Kuhayl said: It was said that Sha’baan was the month of the Qur’aan readers.

When Sha’baan began, ‘Amr ibn Qays would close his shop and free his time for reading Qur’aan. Abu Bakr al-Balkhi said: The month of Rajab is the month for planting, the month of Sha’baan is the month of irrigating the crops, and the month of Ramadaan is the month of harvesting the crops. He also said: The likeness of the month of Rajab is that of the wind, the likeness of Sha’baan is that of the clouds and the likeness of Ramadaan is that of the rain; whoever does not plant and sow in Rajab, and does not irrigate in Sha’baan, how can he reap in Ramadaan?  This is how our Prophet and the early generations of the ummah were in this blessed month.

For maximum benefit; Request  from  IMADAWAH  a free Ramadhan  diary for you & your family NOW ! or download it from these links.

http://quranproject.org/Download-The-Quran-Project-Ramadhan-Diary-2015-598-d (Adults)

http://www.amuslimhomeschool.com/2014/05/kids-ramadan-journal-download.html (Children).

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PREPARING FOR BLESSINGS 1 of 2.

PREPARING  FOR  BLESSINGS 1 of 2.

Many people misunderstand the true nature of fasting, and they make it an occasion for eating & drinking, making special sweets and staying up late at night & watching shows on satellite TV. They make preparations  for  that long before Ramadhan, lest they miss out on some food or prices go up. They prepare by buying food, preparing drinks and looking at the satellite TV guide so they can choose which shows to follow and which to ignore. They are truly unaware of the real nature of fasting in Ramadhan; they take worship and piety out of the month and make it just for their bellies & their eyes. Others are aware of the real nature of fasting in the month of Ramadaan, so they start to prepare from Sha’baan, and some of them even start before that. Among the best ways of preparing for the month of Ramadaan are:

1 –SINCERE REPENTANCE

This is obligatory at all times, but because of the approach of a great and blessed month, it is even more important  to hasten to repent from sins between you and your Lord, and between you and other people by giving them their rights, so that when the blessed month begins you may busy yourself with acts of worship with a clean heart and peace of mind. Allaah says :

“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”. [24:31]

Al-Agharr ibn Yasaar (radiallahuanihu) ;Prophet  (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “O people, repent to Allaah for I repent to Him one hundred times each day.” Muslim.

2 –DU’AA’ (SUPPLICATION)

It was narrated from some of the salaf that they used to pray to Allaah for six months that they would live until Ramadaan, then they would pray for five months afterwards that He would accept it from them. The Muslim should ask his Lord to let him live until Ramadaan with a strong religious commitment & good physical health, and he should ask Him to help him obey Him during the month, and ask Him to accept his good deeds from Him.

3 – REJOICING  AT THE APPROACH OF THE BLESSED MONTH

The arrival of Ramadaan is one of the great blessings that Allaah bestows upon His Muslim slave, because Ramadaan is one of the occasions of good in which the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed. It is the month of the Qur’aan and of decisive battles in the history of our religion.

“Say: ‘In the Bounty of Allaah, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islam and the Qur’aan); —therein let them rejoice.’ That is better than what (the wealth) they amass” [10:58]

4 – DISCHARGING THE DUTY OF ANY OUTSTANDING OBLIGATORY FASTS

Abu Salamah said: I heard ‘Aa’ishah (radiallahuaniah) say: I would owe fasts from the previous Ramadaan and I would not be able to make them up except in Sha’baan. Bukhaari.

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) said: From her keenness to do that in Sha’baan it may be understood that it is not permissible to delay making them up until another Ramadaan begins. Fath al-Baari (4/191). For maximum benefit in the coming Ramadhan; Request  from IMADAWAH free Ramadhan  diary for you & your family NOW ! or download it from these links.

http://quranproject.org/Download-The-Quran-Project-Ramadhan-Diary-2015-598-d (Adults) http://www.amuslimhomeschool.com/2014/05/kids-ramadan-journal-download.html (Children).

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