VIRTUES, MYTHS & INNOVATIONS OF SHA’BAAN.
Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) : “When Sha’baan is halfway through, do not fast.”.Abu Dawood (3237); Saheeh al-Tirmidhi. Exceptions are:
1 –One who habitually fasts e.g. Mondays & Thursdays, may do it even after halfway through Sha’baan. Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “Do not anticipate Ramadaan by fasting one or two days before it, except a man who fasts regularly, who should observe his usual fast.” Bukhaari.
2 – ‘Aa’ishah (radiallahuaniah): “Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to fast all of Sha’baan & fast all of Sha’baan except a little.” Bukhaari.” The second phrase is an explanation of the first, pointing out that by “all” what is meant is “most”. This indicates that it is permissible to fast after halfway through Sha’baan, but only for one who joins that to what came before the halfway point.
3 – One who is making up missed Ramadaan fasts. Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (6/399): Our companions said: it is not correct to fast on the “day of doubt” just before Ramadaan, and there is no difference of scholarly opinion on this point…But if a person fasts it to make up a missed day or to fulfill a vow, or as an expiation, that is acceptable, because if it is permissible to observe a voluntary fast on that day, it is more likely to be permissible to observe an obligatory fast… and if a person has to make up a day from Ramadaan, then he has to fast it, because the time left for him to make it up has become very short.
There is no saheeh marfoo’ report that speaks of the virtue of the middle of Sha’baan. Some maqtoo’ reports (reports whose isnaads do not go back further than the Taabi’een) have been narrated from some of the Taabi’een, and there are some ahaadeeth, the best of which are mawdoo’ (fabricated) or da’eef jiddan (very weak). If a person wants to pray qiyaam on this night as he does on other nights – without doing anything extra or singling this night out for anything – then that is OK. The same applies if he fasts the day of the 15th of Sha’baan because it happens to be one of the ayyaam al-beed,(13,14,15) of the month, Monday or Thursday that he usually fasts. So long as he is not seeking extra reward that has not been proven (in the saheeh texts). One of the popular hadiths about virtues of Sha’baan that is very odd & extremely weak is this: “When Rajab began, the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “O Allah, bless us in Rajab and Sha‘baan, and let us reach Ramadan.” See proof of its weakness in this link http://www.islamqa.info/202017
Some Muslims celebrate the middle of Sha‘baan, fasting on that day and spending that night in prayer (qiyaam). There is a hadeeth concerning that which is not saheeh, hence the scholars regarded celebrating this day as an innovation (bid ‘ah). They observe a salah called al-Salaat al-Alfiyyah, which is one hundred rak‘ahs in which Soorat al-Ikhlaas is recited ten times in each rak‘ah, offered in congregation. Some pray six rak‘ahs on the so called Laylat al-Nisf with the intention of warding off calamity, having a long life and being independent of people, and reciting Ya-Seen and offering du‘aa’ in between that — there is no doubt that this is something that has been introduced into the religion and is contrary to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Al-Nawawi said: The prayers of Rajab & Sha‘baan are two reprehensible innovations. al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada‘aat, p. 144
Laylat al-Nusf min Sha’baan (the 15th of Sha’baan) is like any other night, and there is no sound report from the Prophet to indicate these. No one should single out a specific time for doing an act of worship unless that has been prescribed in sharee’ah because all acts of worship are tawqeefi. Tap link for proofs http://www.islamqa.info/en/147608
Is it true that more souls are taken during Sha’baan & that the annual decree of people’s deaths is written in Sha’ban. ? NO
Is 15th of Sha’baan the night in which the fate of every one is decided for the next year? NO.
What does the special night mentioned in surah Dukan mean? 15th of sha’baan or Laylatul Qadar? Tap link for proofs http://www.islamqa.info/en/154850
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