THE TURNING POINT 1 OF 2
The hijrah did not only reshape the Arabs socially & politically, but reshaped global civilizations altogether. Throughout the history of Islam, the migration was a transition between the two major eras, regarding the message of Islam; the era of Makkah & Madinah. In physical terms, Hijrah was a journey between two cities about 200 miles i.e from Mecca to Madinah (622 CE).In its grand significance, it marked the beginning of an era, a civilization, a culture & a history for the whole mankind. In essence, this signified a transition from one phase to another, as follows:
#Transition from the position of weakness, where the non-believers of Makkah — particularly the people of Quraish — humiliated, tortured & killed Muslims, to the position of strength in Madinah.
# Transition from spreading Islam through individual Da’wah to the spreading of Islam through institutionalized Da’wah, initiated by the state; The Muslim State began reaching out to Persia, Egypt, & the Byzantine Empire.
#Transition from a position where Muslims represented a small group of people, surrounded by enemies & threatened, to the position of a regional power with a strong central leadership & a large number of followers & allies.
#Transition from being a simple Islamic group of believers, to being the Islamic Ummah (nation). A phase in which Islam was not only an act of worship, but a way of life. This encompassed politics, economy, social interactions etc. This was the first time Islam was realised to be A COMPREHENSIVE RELIGION & A COMPLETE WAY OF LIFE.
The Quranic revelations bore witness to this transition; verses revealed in Makkah concentrated on Tawheed (the Oneness of Allah) while verses revealed in Madinah covered rules regarding Islamic life in general. There is no doubt whatsoever that the migration of Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) to Madinah was the crucial event, which snowballed & established the Islamic civilization. Hijrah no doubt, kindled the light of hope in the hearts of the early Muslims who set a shining example for all Muslims, in every generation to emulate till the end of time.
Hijrah, in essence is an ongoing process, not a completed event. It does not mean to find a comfortable place where one would relax rather, it is a search for an environment more favourable to continuous & constructive effort. On reaching Madinah, the Prophet undertook the following all-embracing steps to establish a faithful & strong society. This is significant & contains lesson for us.
- Masjid(Mosque): The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) first established a Masjid for the worship of Allah. He assisted in carrying the stones & building that small, humble but most powerful structure. This was the beginning, but soon other Masajid (mosques) were established around the world today.
2. Madrasah (Islamic school & educational institution for the community): The first school under the supervision of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) was the school of Suffah in the masjid
3. Mu’akhah: He established brotherhood on the basis of faith, not on the basis of tribes, race, colour, social class etc. as they used to have prior to Islam ; between the Muhajirun (Muslims who migrated from Makkah) & the Ansar (residents of Madinah who helped the Prophet & his Companions).
- Intercommunity & Interfaith Relations:Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) also established good relations with other communities living in Madinah. There was a large Jewish community as well as some other Arab tribes who had not accepted Islam. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) prepared aMithaq (a covenant or a constitution) for relations between these communities.
5. Cleaning the City: Yathrib (previous name of Madinah) was a dirty city. When the Sahabah (Prophet’s Companions) came from Makkah to Madinah, many of them got sick & did not like that city. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) asked them to clean the city & remove its dirt & filth. `Aishah, (ra) said: “We came to Madinah & it was the most polluted land of Allah. The water there was most stinking. (Al-Bukhari)
6. Water System in the City: The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) asked the Sahabah to dig wells in different parts of the city. It is mentioned that more than 50 wells were opened in the city of Madinah & there was enough clean water for every-one.
7. Agriculture & Gardening: The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) encouraged the Sahabah to cultivate the land & make gardens. He told them that any-one who would cultivate any dead land, would own it. Many people started working & cultivating & soon there was enough food for every-one.
8. Poverty Eradication: In a short period of time it happened that there were no poor people in Madinah. Everyone had enough and the Prophet (saw) used to give gifts to coming delegations.
9. Safety, Security, Law & Order: Madinah became the safest city in the world. There were very few incidents of theft, rape, drunkenness or murder & they were immediately taken care of. In short, Hijrah teaches us that wherever Muslims go, they should bring goodness to that land. Muslims should work for both moral & material goodness of the society.