THE DIVINE PARABLES 21 of 49 .
(21) GOODLY TREES WITH ROOTS, BRANCHES AND FRUIT [14:24 -25].See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high).Giving its fruit at all times, by the Leave of its Lord and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember.
MEANING:The ultimate goodly word is the testimony of faith (There is no ”deity” worthy of worship except Allah .The belief in this goodly word brings numerous benefits to the one who submits to it & works by it. That Muslim (submitter) also in turn becomes beneficial to himself & to all & sundry. Belief and righteousness combined have strong ‘roots’ [roots which yield the produce of good deeds] which will lead the believer to permanent celestial reward.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 22 of 49.
(22) EVIL TREE [14:26 ] And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth having no
The ultimate evil word is the association of any partner in whatever forms shape or fashion with Allah (The uncreated creator).Unlike the goodly word, evil deeds do not have a foundation nor are they beneficial – such deeds will result in their everlasting perdition.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 23 of 49.
(23) SLAVE VERSUS FREE MAN [16:75] Allah puts forward the example (of two men a believer and a disbeliever); a slave (disbeliever) under the possession of another, he has no power of any sort, and (the other), a man (believer) on whom We have bestowed a good provision from Us, and He spends thereof secretly and openly. Can they be equal? (By no means, not). All the praises and thanks be to Allah. Nay! (But) most of them know not.
MEANING: A slave has no free will and, therefore, freedom. A free man is the master of his will and action. Just as these two men are not the same, so disbelief is not the same as belief.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 24 of 49.
(24) DUMB MAN VERSUS ONE WHO COMMANDS JUSTICE [16:76] And Allah puts forward (another) example of two men, one of them dumb, who has no power over anything (disbeliever), and he is a burden to his master, whichever way he directs him, he brings no good. Is such a man equal to one (believer in the Islamic Monotheism) who commands justice, and is himself on a Straight Path?
The status of a righteous believer commanded great respect because he/she obeys Allah, he is just, beneficial .Disbelievers do the opposite, therefore they cannot be the same as believers.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 25 of 49.
(25) WOMAN WHO UNTWISTS HER YARN [16:92] And be not like her who undoes the thread which she has spun after it has become strong, by taking your oaths a means of deception among yourselves, lest a nation may be more numerous than another nation. Allah only tests you by this (i.e. who obeys Allah and fulfills Allah’s Covenant and who disobeys Allah and breaks Allah’s Covenant). And on the Day of Resurrection, He will certainly make clear to you that wherein you used to differ (i.e. a believer confesses and believes in the Oneness of Allah and in the Prophet hood of Prophet Muhammad SAW which the disbeliever denies it and that was their difference amongst them in the life of this world).
The Mufasir, ibn kathir & others say that it referred to a mad woman in makkah who used to spurn/weave/knit very nice things & many people appreciated her skills & good works; afterwards, she will destroy it by undoing her good work. This refers to us Muslims, when we work hard to be righteous & accumulate rewards, then we go back to our sins & destroy all that we had worked hard to build. The Ramadhan worshippers are a good example. They willingly submit to Allah in Ramadhan, they stop all sins (adultery, fornication, alcoholism, not wearing hijab, bribery, pornography, lying, gender mixing etc.) but return to it as soon as Ramadhan is over. They simply spurn or knit or weave beautifully like the mad woman & destroy the good works afterwards.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 26 of 49 .
(26) CITY FAVOURED BUT UNGRATEFUL [16:112-113] And Allah puts forward the example of a township (Makkah), that dwelt secure and well content; its provision coming to it in abundance from every place, but it (its people) denied the Favours of Allah (with ungratefulness). So Allah made it taste the extreme of hunger (famine) and fear, because of that (evil, i.e. denying Prophet Muhammad SAW) which they (its people) used to do.113. And verily, there had come unto them a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from among themselves, but they denied him, so the torment overtook them while they were Zalimoon (polytheists and wrong doers, etc.).
Lessons are to be learned throughout history of cities which were not grateful for Allah’s Mercy. Also, they rejected Messengers that Allah sent down to guide them. So Allah punished their inhabitants. An example is that of Noah [A.S.] and his people.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 27 of 49.
(27) TWO MEN, ONE PROUD OF HIS POSSESSSIONS AND THE OTHER ABSORBED IN ALLAH [18:32-44] And put forward to them the example of two men; unto one of them We had given two gardens of
grapes, and We had surrounded both with date-palms; and had put between them green crops (cultivated fields etc.).33. Each of those two gardens brought forth its produce, and failed not in the least therein, and We caused a river to gush forth in the midst of them.34. And he had property (or fruit) and he said to his companion, in the course of mutual talk: I am more than you in wealth and stronger in respect of men.” (See Tafsir Qurtubee, Vol. 10, Page 403).35. And he went into his garden while in a state (of pride and disbelief) unjust to himself. He said: “I think not that this will ever perish.36. “And I think not the Hour will ever come, and if indeed I am brought back to my Lord, (on the Day of Resurrection), I surely shall find better than this when I return to Him.” 37. His companion said to him, during the talk with him: “Do you disbelieve in Him Who created you out of dust (i.e. your father Adam), then out of Nutfah (mixed semen drops of male and female discharge), then fashioned you into a man? 38. “But as for my part (I believe) that He is Allah, my Lord and none shall I associate as partner with my Lord. 39. It was better for you to say, when you entered your garden: That which Allah wills (will come to pass)! There is no power but with Allah. If you see me less than you in wealth, and children. 40. “It may be that my Lord will give me something better than your garden, and will send on it Husban (torment, bolt, etc.) from the sky, then it will be a slippery earth.
- “Or the water thereof (of the gardens) becomes deep-sunken (underground) so that you will never be able to seek it.” 42. So his fruits were encircled (with ruin). And he remained clapping his hands with sorrow over what he had spent upon it, while it was all destroyed on its trellises, he could only say: “Would I had ascribed no partners to my Lord!” (Tafsir Ibn Katheer). 43. And he had no group of men to help him against Allah, nor could he defend or save himself. 44. There (on the Day of Resurrection), Al-Walayah (the protection, power, authority and kingdom) will be for Allah (Alone), the True God. He (Allah) is the Best for reward and the Best for the final end. (La ilaha ill-Allah none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).
MEANING: It is often said that’ money/wealth is the root of all evil’. In this parable, the land-owning man thinks that his worldly possessions are perpetual and he is not sure of the Day of Judgement, thinking that even if a Day such as this would come, his reward is assured. The poor man acknowledges that Allah is the creator of man and is patient in the hope that he, too, will benefit from Allah’s Mercy. He tries to tell the proud man that the gardens can be destroyed at any time: they are only ephemeral. When his possessions were taken from him, the proud man began to lament, but the moral of the story is that none can help one whom Allah decides to punish and none can stop the reward of one to whom Allah gives.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 28 of 49.
(28) THIS LIFE LIKE RAIN, PLEASANT BUT TRANSITORY [18:45 -46] And put forward to them the example of the life of this world, it is like the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it, and becomes fresh and green. But (later) it becomes dry and broken pieces, which the winds scatter. And Allah is Able to do everything. 46. Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world. But the good righteous deeds (five compulsory prayers, deeds of Allah’s obedience, good and nice talk, remembrance of Allah with glorification, praises and thanks, etc.), that last, are better with your Lord for rewards and better in respect of hope.
Meaning: When the world ends, all the money in all the world’s banks is going to be rendered useless. What will count then are one’s deeds -whether good or bad- and these will have the effect of leading one to Paradise or to Hell.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 29 of 49.
(29) FALL FROM UNITY, LIKE BEING SNATCHED UP BY BIRDS, OR CARRIED OFF BY WINDS [22:31] Hunafa Lillah (i.e. to worship none but Allah), not associating partners (in worship, etc.) unto Him
and whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.
MEANING: The metaphor of idolatry is being expelled from Heaven and being carried away to a place far off the right path.
THE DIVINE PARABLES 30 of 49.
(30) A FLY [22:73-74] O mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily! Those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create (even) a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatched away a thing from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. So weak are (both) the seeker and the sought.74. They have not estimated Allah His Rightful Estimate; Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
MEANING: Idols that polytheists worship have no power or authority. Those idols, in their totality, could not even create a fly. If a fly took off part of the stone of an idol, then the idols could not retrieve the material. Similarly, the faith of ‘idolatry’ is weak, whereas belief in the One God is a great strength.