(i) Bid’ah which constitutes kufr
(ii) Bid’ah which does not constitute kufr
Shaykh Haafiz al-Hukami (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The kind of bid’ah which constitutes kufr is when one denies a matter on which there is scholarly consensus, which widely-known, and which no Muslim can have any excuse for not knowing, such as denying something that is obligatory, making something obligatory that is not obligatory, or making something haraam halaal, or making something halaal haraam; or believing some notion about Allaah, His Messenger and His Book when they are far above that, whether in terms of denial of affirmation – because that means disbelieving in the Qur’aan and in the message with which Allaah sent His Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) e.g. bid’ah of the Jahamiyyah, who denied the attributes of Allaah; or the notion that the Qur’aan was created; or the notion that some of the attributes of Allaah were created; or the bid’ah of the Qadariyyah who denied the knowledge and actions of Allaah; or the bid’ah of the Mujassimah who likened Allaah to His creation, (it also includes the believes of the shias, Sufis, ahmadiyyah, bahis, so called Nation of Islam, Quraniyyun, ibadis, modernist etc).
The bid’ah which does not constitute kufr, is defined as that which does not imply rejection of the Qur’aan or of anything with which Allaah sent His Messengers such as delaying some of the prayers until the end of the due times, doing the Eid khutbah before the Eid prayer, delivering the khutbah whilst sitting down on Fridays, etc. (Ma’aarij al-Qubool, 2/503-504)
Then, can we call people who do bid’ah muslims? https://islamqa.info/en/10843
If the bid’ah constitutes kufr, then the person is one of the following two types:
(i) Either it is known that his intention is to destroy the foundations of Islam and make the Muslims doubt it. Such a person is definitely a kaafir; indeed, he is a stranger to Islam and is one of the enemies of the faith. This includes the SHIAS, SUFIS, AHMADIYYAH, BAHIS, SO CALLED NATION OF ISLAM, QURANIYYUN, IBADIS, MODERNIST ETC).
(ii) Or he is deceived & confused; he cannot be denounced as a kaafir until proof is established against him, fair & square.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “In both cases, we have to call these people – who claim to be Muslim but who commit acts of bid’ah which may constitute kufr or may be less than that – to the truth, by explaining the truth without being hostile or condemning what they are doing. But once we know that they are too arrogant to accept the truth – ‘And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allaah, lest they insult Allaah wrongfully without knowledge.’ [6:108] – if we find out that they are stubborn and arrogant, then we should point out their falsehood, because then pointing out their falsehood becomes an obligation upon us. “. . . And let those who oppose the Messenger’s commandment beware, lest some fitnah (trial, affliction, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [24:63].
With regard to boycotting them, that depends upon the bid’ah. If it is a bid’ah which constitutes kufr, then it is obligatory to boycott the person who does it. If it is of a lesser degree than that, then it is essential to examine the situation further. If something may be achieved by boycotting the person, then we do it; if no purpose will be served by it, or if it will only make him more disobedient and arrogant, then we should avoid doing that, because whatever serves no purpose, it is better not to do it. And also in principle it is haraam to boycott a believer, because the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said: ‘It is not permissible for a man to forsake [not speak to] his brother for more than three [days].’”.(Adapted from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 293). Should one who falls into bidiah be denounced? https://islamqa.info/en/87916
It suffices then to say that myths, fabrications & innovations in the deen are guaranteed one way tickets to the hell fire (may Allah save us from it). Tap link for Myths among the common folk about superstitions https://islamqa.info/en/97221
Worship in Islam, is defined as anything we do with the intention of getting closer to Almighty Allah or getting reward from Allah. Imam Ahmad, Sh. Ibn Tammiyah & all other great & competent scholars derived from the Islamic Sharia that: “ With regard to all acts of WORSHIP in terms of TIME, PLACE ,TYPE, NUMBER, FREQUENCY or MANNER etc. of doing them, it is based on the principle of “TAWQEEF” i.e. ALL ACTS OF WORSHIP INCLUDING (DUA,DHIKR etc.) ARE FORBIDEN UNLESS SANCTIONED BY THE QURAN & AUTHENTHIC HADITH; THERE IS NO ROOM FOR OPINIONS, EMOTIONS & INNOVATIONS.THE REVERSE IS ALSO TRUE. ALL INNOVATIONS IN WORLDLY AFFAIRS ARE PERMITTED EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY PROHIBITED BY THE QURAN & AUTHENTIC SUNNAH. All innovations in the Deen are prohibited. The worst of affairs are the novelties; every novelty (in the deen) is an innovation, every innovation is misguidance & every misguidance is in the Fire.” An-Nasaa’e. This is a principle every true & sincere Muslim must MEMORISE. There is no such self-contradictions & incompatibles like “GOOD BIDI’A” or “GOOD SHIRK” or “GOOD KUFR” in Islam . There is no such thing as Bid’ah Hasanah (“Good Innovations”) https://islamqa.info/en/864 https://islamqa.info/en/205
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