sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam) said: “In THAQEEF tribe, there will BE A LIAR & AN OPPRESSOR [Muslim].” THE LIAR was al-Mukhtaar ibn Abi ‘Ubayd al-Thaqafi, who made an outward show of allegiance to & support of the Ahl al-Bayt, but killed ‘Ubayd-Allaah ibn Ziyaad, the governor of Iraq. He (al-Mukhtaar) made it clear that he was a liar, by claiming to be a prophet & that Jibreel (alehim salam) brought revelation to him. People told Ibn ‘Umar & Ibn ‘Abbaas about this. They said, “He is telling the truth, for Allaah says: ‘Shall I inform you (O people) upon whom the shayaateen (devils) descend [tanazzalu]? They descend upon every lying, sinful person.’ [26:221].”
As for THE OPPRESSOR, this was al-Hajjaaj ibn Yoosuf al-Thaqafi, who was opposed to ‘Ali & his companions. Al-Hajjaaj was a NAASIBI (those who opposed & have enmity towards Ali & al-Husayn) while al-Mukhtaar was a RAAFIDI; (rejecters of caliphacy of Abu bakr, Umar & uthman; who were supposed fans & lovers of Alli, al-Husayn & who became the modern day shi’a of kufr). There was much trouble & fighting between these two groups (NAASIBIS & RAAFIDIS) in Kufa (Iraq). After the death of the incumbent, though not unanimously appointed caliph; Mu‘aawiyah (radiallahuanihu), his son Yazeed immediately took over the caliphacy.
The (raafidis) wrote to invite Al hussayn to kufah, so, they could swear allegiance to him as their ruler. At that time, Yazeed ibn Muawwiyyah had already appointed ‘Ubaydullah ibn Ziyaad as Governor of Iraq. He was instructed by Yazeed to be tough & to keep under check all anti regime activities including the proposed allegiance to al hussayn by the raafidis/shia’s of Alli in (kufah). At the critical juncture, the people of Kufah turned against al-Husayn after the appointment of Ubayd-Allah ibn Ziyaad as governor. They killed the envoy Al- Husayn sent ahead of his arrival; his cousin; Muslim ibn ‘Uqayl. The hearts of the rafidis were with al-Husayn, but their swords were with ‘Ubaydullah ibn Ziyaad.
Al-Husayn went out to them, whether aware or not aware of the killing of Muslim ibn ‘Uqayl, or of the people’s changed attitude towards him or hoping to bring peace & calm to the situation with his noble status & influence. (Allah knows best).
Wise men ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar, Abu Sa‘eed al-Khudri, Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah, al-Miswar ibn Makhramah, and ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr (radiallahuanihuma) who loved him had advised him not to go to Iraq, because of what they knew of Rasullulah’s prophesy about him. He insisted on going towards his matyrdom as Allah has willed to honour him & as a trial for this Ummah. So, al-Husayn travelled to Iraq, and halted at Karbala’, when he inquired about the place he was told it is called KARBALA ; which means KARBUN WA BALA. KARB (DISTRESS) & BALA (CALAMITY). Al- hussayn sought protection with Allah against shaitan on realizing this; perhaps he had the feeling that the calamity was imminent. So, al-Hussayn asked the army that ‘Ubayd-Allaah ibn Ziyaad, the governor of Iraq, had equipped to fight him for one of three things: either to let him return to Makkah, or to let him go to Yazeed ibn Mu‘aawiyah, or to let him go to the frontier to defend the muslim territory & fight in jihad for the sake of Allah.
But they insisted that he should surrender to them as a prisoner of war. Al-Husayn refused, then ‘Umar ibn Sa‘d issued orders to fight him, and they killed him & a number of his family members wrongfully so. His killing & the killing of ‘Uthmaan ibn Affan (the 3rd caliph) before him, were among the main causes of turmoil in this ummah.
He was specifically killed by Shamir or Shuumar ibn Dhil Jawshan ; a former commander of the Persian army who supposedly embraced Islam (was he just an ignorant muslim or a hypocrite that is still loyal to Persia trying to avenge the victory of the Muslims over the Persian empire ? (Allah knows best), above all he was a Raafidhi (a shi’a). THIS IS ATTESTED TO BY KUFAAR (SHI’AS) SCHOLARS, THAT AL-HUSSAYN WAS KILLED BY AN IRANIAN (PERSIAN), RAFIDHAH (SHI’A OF ALLI ); SHAMIR OR SHUUMAR IBN DHIL JAWSHAN & HE WAS A PART OF THE SINFUL, WRONGDOING GROUP. Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali (radiallahuanihu) was killed on the day of ‘Ashoora’. Allah honoured him with martyrdom, as He honoured other members of the family of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhiwasallam); Hamzah & Ja‘far with martyrdom, as well as his father ‘Ali.